Backend comprises server-side, APIs, databases, frameworks, and operating systems and the commonly used languages are Java, Ruby on Rails, Python, and Node.js.

Any app or web assistance can have two wide parts: the frontend and the backend.

Back-end web development is one of the most essential elements of website development. Without which you simply cannot handle your website. Thus, top web development companies in Chennai with a unit of backend software developers comprehend the fundamentals of back-end web development to produce a practical and logical system.

Web development is known, obtaining a lot of traction in recent years. With that, more and more companies/ businesses are recognizing its true significance for developing leads, and for creating a robust online presence for brand awareness. Therefore, they require proficient engineers and developers to create top-performing websites based on the latest technology and demand.

Front-end developers are convinced to do code for an immersive user experience but backend developers are the concealed innovators who drive the functionality potential without a trace. 

Backend Developers

Back-end developers are accountable for securing the scalability and functionality of the website irrespective of the traffic volume. Apart from that, to develop innovative solutions to accomplish various business needs and requirements they work in complete harmony with:

  • Front-end developers
  • Programmers
  • UX/UI experts
  • Full-stack developers

Back-end development professionals are not only answerable for building and supporting websites, but also evaluate the speed and efficiency of web applications, writing higher quality code, troubleshooting, debugging, managing the hosting environment, and most of all keeping on top of the latest technologies in the market. 

In this article, you will learn everything you need about backend development such as how it works, backend structure, and the skills needed to become a backend developer.

So let us get straight into it.

Backend in Web Development

In short term, back-end system development is the noticeable thing that occurs ‘behind the scenes at web development services in Chennai. Backend is just like the admin panel, where you can easily access, edit and see the world behind the curtain and make sure everything functions as it should without issues or interruptions whatsoever. 

Backend Tools’ Index and Architecture

Traditionally, the back-end comprises server-side, APIs (Application Programming Interface), databases, frameworks, and operating systems. 

  • Backend Frameworks
  • APIs
  • Databases
  • Servers
  • Middleware
Backend Frameworks

Suited software back-end frameworks are the basis that makes applications/ websites quicker. They have been deemed a crucial aspect of web development projects since they deliver much-needed interactivity for web applications. As the backend enables the website to function frameworks are server-side backend programming languages that facilitate the server configuration. 


You must be aware of the fact that an application’s server-side or back-end operations possess (and are not limited to) user logins, addressing payments, customer support, order management, etc. Therefore, any action accomplished at the front end is managed, sent, and recovered by the database in the backend.

For interchanges as such, developers need appropriate APIs because they associate websites, databases, and services effortlessly. Firebase, Backendless API, Wix API, StackAPI, REST API, etc. are some common APIs operated in backend development. 


Databases help the admins store, organize, update and delete any or all data on the server. In simpler terms, a database is a repository that stocks all the data input at the frontend such as user names, email addresses, passwords, orders, etc.

Various types of databases are used for distinct use cases. For example, relational databases are well fitted for applications with well-structured data whereas document-oriented databases support software with unstructured/semi-structured data, and so forth. 


They are computer hardware or software that accepts incoming requests from clients or service requesters. Servers deliver resources, data, services, or programs to clients, over a network. Any device delivering or transferring resources to ‘clients’ can become a server. 


As the term implies, middleware links the front-end to its back-end. It allows communication between your application and the server-side. It is also occasionally termed plumbing. 

Popular Backend Development Languages

Backend developers should be aware of the following frameworks or backend languages for backend development to get started.

  • Java
  • Ruby on Rails
  • Python
  • Node.js

It is believed that king of all frameworks and is repeatedly used for developing websites and other web applications. Some of the popular instances are Netflix, google earth, uber, and tinder. Besides, it is an object-oriented programming language that has cross-platform development compatibility. 

Ruby on Rails

RoR has evolved quite famous and a choice among the developer community because it creates the development process more effortless and faster. Ruby On Rails can be an amazing asset for startups because they propose some incredible advantages. Also has other obscure gems that make funding in its learning curve well worth your time.


Python is one of the most typical programming languages employed for backend development. Among other things, Python is also used for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning-based application product including networking programming. Applications like Spotify, Google, Reddit, Instagram, and dropbox.


This programming language is seen to be trending in the tech world with endorsement in backend development. Originally, it was used to build mid-level projects, now with its betterment, it has become capable to handle large-scale projects as well. It is extremely scalable, one of the many explanations why architects choose Node.js over others. 

Though the above-mentioned programming languages are evolving quite renowned for backend development some other frameworks suitable for backend development are .NET, Haskell, Clojure, Structured Query Language (SQL), c#, C++, PHP, Perl, and Scala

Important Agilities for a Back-end Developer 

If you are glancing to engage backend developers for your group or are interested in staff augmentation for your short-term projects. Make sure the backend developers you have shortlisted have the following skills:

  • Back-end developers should be acquainted with accessibility along with security adherence
  • They should comprehend front-end development and technologies
  • A grasp on hosting environment, database management, and app scaling
  • Since backend developers usually function in teams, therefore communication skill is a must 
  • Should be capable to build web architectures
  • Configure payment systems, operating systems, and DevOps

Peeking for professional backend developers to be a part of the Havro team – get in contact with us today. I am sure we have the attention model you need to get started right away.